The sign of the unicorn. A fabric shop for 18th century reenactors and historians.

18th and Early 19th Century Ready Made Items

Pocketbooks | Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Pocketbooks

Pocketbooks (what we call wallets today) were commonly used in the 18th to early 19th century in a great variety of styles from plain to quite elaborate. Usually pocketbooks were worked in either leather or needlework. For example from personal communication with Mike Barbieri in the 1775 New England Chronicle, or Essex Gazette an ad included, "Stolen . . .  a worked pocket-book, containing about 15s. in money, and inlisting orders, signed by Ezekiel Scott, Capt."

Many pocketbooks were fairly plain but others were very decorative worked leather. Some leather pocketbooks were embroidered and some closed with a metal clasp of brass, silver or gold. For example see the 1757-1758 trade card of Peter Jacob at the Bible and Letter-Case in Bartholomew Close, London.

A red leather pocketbook with buff colored interior.

Small Red Leather Pocketbook with Buff Interior

Red leather pocketbooks were quite common in the 18th to early 19th century in a great variety of styles from plain to quite elaborate. This one has two pockets along with a pencil holder at the top. This pocketbook is made to period measurements so modern money will have to be folded once first to fit the pockets. For a written example of their use this is taken from London's The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, of 1763 in a "grand larceny" trial "I'll search the gentleman myself. It was a red leather pocketbook with the notes in it as mentioned in the indictment."

$44.00

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Large Red Leather Pocketbook with Buff Interior

Red leather pocketbooks were quite common in the 18th to early 19th century in a great variety of styles from plain to quite elaborate. This one has two pockets along with a pencil holder at the top. This pocketbook is made to modern measurements so modern money will fit into the pockets. For a written example of their use this is taken from London's The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, of 1763 in a "grand larceny" trial "I'll search the gentleman myself. It was a red leather pocketbook with the notes in it as mentioned in the indictment."

$44.00

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A red leather pocketbook with buff colored interior.
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Large Red Leather Pocketbook with Green Interior

Red leather pocketbooks were quite common in the 18th to early 19th century in a great variety of styles from plain to quite elaborate. This one has two pockets along with a pencil holder at the top. This pocketbook is made to modern measurements so modern money will fit into the pockets. For a written example of their use this is taken from London's The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, of 1763 in a "grand larceny" trial "I'll search the gentleman myself. It was a red leather pocketbook with the notes in it as mentioned in the indictment."

$44.00

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A red leather pocketbook with green colored interior.
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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Stockings

White wool stockings.

Natural White Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined that white was likely the most common color of stocking. Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775 "Run away . . .  three Dutch servants; two . . .  man and wife . . .  the first . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  his wife . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  The other . . .  is a Butcher by trade . . .  had on, and took with him . . .  one pair of white yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Dark Grey Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit gray wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. A study of runaways advertised in Rhode Island Newspapers found gray to be the second most common color of stocking from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls, The Connecticut Courant of 1777 included "Deserted from Capt. Beardslee’s company in Col. Swift’s regiment, on Wm. Bostwick, an Englishman . . .  had on . . .  gray stockings".

$34.00

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Dark gray machine knit stockings.
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Grey Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit light grey wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. A study on runaways found that grey was the second most common color of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). From personal communication with Mike Barbieri The Boston Gazette of 1764 included "Ran-away . . .  in the Province of New Hampshire . . .  a Servant Lad . . .  Had on . . .  grey Stockings."

$34.00

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Gray machine knit stockings.
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Black Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit black wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable and will be easy to keep clean after a weekend in the mud. A study of runaways advertised in Rhode Island Newspapers found black made up 10% of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls, The Connecticut Courant of 1777 included "Run away . . .  a servant girl . . .  had on, and took with her . . .  black yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Black machine knit stockings.
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Dark Indigo Blue Wool Stockings

These smooth machine knit dark indigo blue wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined blue was a close second for the most common color of stocking among Pennsylvanians from 1750 to 1800. A study on runaways found that blue was the third most common color of stockings from 1760 to 1783 (Stockings of Runaways Advertised in Rhode Island by Paul Dickfoss The Brigade Dispatch, Vol. XXXI No. 3, Autumn 2001). Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls in The New Jersey Gazette of 1778 "Ran away . . .  a Scotch servant girl . . .  Had on . . .  blue yarn stockings".

$34.00

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Dark indigo blue machine knit stockings.
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White silk stockings.

White Silk Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white wool stockings will keep your feet warm and comfortable. The book Cloth and Costume determined that white was likely the most common color of stocking. Cited in Wenches, Wives and Servant Girls The Pennsylvania Gazette of 1775 "Run away . . .  three Dutch servants; two . . .  man and wife . . .  the first . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  his wife . . .  had on . . .  white yarn stockings . . .  The other . . .  is a Butcher by trade . . .  had on, and took with him . . .  one pair of white yarn stockings".

$16.00

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White Silk Clocked Stockings

These smooth machine knit creamy white silk stockings have a subtle clock at the ankle and feel ever so soft next to your skin and are just right for a hot weekend. Cited in The Proceedings of the Old Bailey of 1752 "I lost seven pair of white silk stockings, out of my shop". There was a plain white pair of clocked "Silk Stockings taken from the Prize Ship 'Hannah" in 1781. This ship was headed to America with among other things personal luxury items for British officers stationed in New York.

$24.00

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White clocked silk machine knit stockings.
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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Neckwear

White wool stockings.

White Linen Neck Stocks

White linen stocks were most often worn by civilian gentlemen along with a white linen shirt that has bosom ruffles. Military officers sometimes wore white stocks but more commonly wore black stocks with a white ruffled shirt. Our stocks are made of 2.8 oz. cambric linen with sturdier linen tabs. Cited from personal communication with Mike Barbieri in The Connecticut Gazette of 1777 is "Ran away . . .  a negro man . . .  carried off with him a white holland shirt, and stock mark’d E B". Note our stocks are not marked.

$55.00 Neck Stock
$70.00 Neck Stock With 3 Prong Buckle

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100% Silk, square
Black Silk Handkerchief
$10-$15

Black silk handkerchiefs were some of the most common handkerchiefs worn about the neck of both men and women throughout the 18th century. Black silk was especially worn by sailors but black silk handkerchiefs were often worn along with black silk bonnets and hats by women. Starting about 1800 these began to be called "neckerchief" although the term "handkerchief" persisted to the end of the 19th century. In the 18th century, when called "kerchief" it was preceded by the separate word "hand" making it "hand kerchief". These silk handkerchiefs have a rolled hem all the way around. In one corner is a "Made in India" label that can easily be cut out. From personal communication with Mike Barbieri in the 1775 Connecticut Journal, an ad included "Runaway . . .  two indented Servant Men, one . . .  a weaver by trade . . .  had on a . . .  black silk handkerchief".

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100% Silk, square
White Silk Handkerchief
$15-$20

White silk handkerchiefs were some of the most common handkerchiefs worn around the neck of both men and women throughout the 18th century. These are prepared to be dyed if you would like although there is no need to dye them. These silk handkerchiefs have a hand sewn rolled hem all the way around. In one corner is a "Made in India" label that can easily be cut out. Cited in the book Wives, Slaves, and Servant Girls in the 1775 Pennsylvania Ledger, an ad included "Run away . . .  a Dutch Servant Woman . . .  Had on and took with her . . .  a white silk handkerchief".

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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Household

A tin of Poland starch.

Poland Starch

new Now in stock!

Blueing and starching our laundry is a bit of a forgotten art. Today we grab a spray bottle and call it good, but our foremothers had a much different approach. Along with this tin of starch are directions for starching your linens in a period correct manner. A trade card for Nathan Drake, colour man, at the White Lyon in James Street, Covent Garden near Long Acre, London advertises that it "Sells all sorts of . . . Poland & common starch & c."

$10.00/tin

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$20.00/kit of both Prussian Blue and Poland Starch

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A bottle of Prussian blue.

Prussian Blue

new Now in stock!

Blueing and starching our laundry is a bit of a forgotten art. Today we dump in some modern chemical bleach and call it good, but our foremothers had a much different approach. Along with this bottle of Prussian blue are directions for starching and blueing your linens in a period correct manner. A trade card for Robert Jenkin, oil-man, at the Oil Jar, in Fleet Street near the Market, London advertises that it he "Sells all sorts of fine oils likewise . . . powland &c. comn. starch . . . common powder blue". No need to fear, there is no oil in our blueing. This oil man sold more than oil, he sold all sorts of household items.

$12.00/bottle

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$20.00/kit of both Prussian Blue and Poland Starch

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Bee's wax candles.

Candles, Bee's Wax

Bee's wax candles are clean, natural, dripless and slow burning. Pure bee's wax candles are very slow burning so you can expect an hour of beautiful soft yellow light per inch. These candles are 6 inches long so expect each to burn (when properly trimmed and erect) for 6 hours.

Bee's wax was used to wax and smooth the outside of linen thread so the thread does not fray as it is pulled through the fabric. A candle may be used for this purpose just as a cake is. Just hold the thread against the candle with your finger and pull the thread. Coat both sides and sew. Wax may also be used to initially hold thread on thread winders and to keep tops on containers.

$2.50/each
$27.00/dozen

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Individual and paper packs of one dozen sulfur matches.

Sulfur Matches, One Dozen

Sometimes found under the name of spunks these matches began to appear at the end of the 17th century. They were handy in that a spark caught in char cloth will easily and quickly ignite the sulfur on the match igniting the wood. These matches are covered in sulfur at both ends so that two ignitions can be gotten from each match. In The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London of 1715, in a theft trial a witness stated that when the prisoner was searched "a Tobacco-Box, with Tinder and Matches in it, were found in his Pocket."

$5.00/dozen

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Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

Hand Knit Caps

Hand knit completely US made English stripe cap.

Striped English Outdoor Caps

These caps are one of a kind, hand knit in the Illinois Territory and fulled of 100% American raised wool into dense, warm, water resistant caps. These caps have been documented from the 1740s to the 1790s and were worn mostly by English landsman but sometimes by sailors. After knitting the caps have been fulled at which point head size is measured. There is some stretch still in the caps so hat size is fairly loose. The pattern is developed by Colleen Humphreys. For a period example (thanks to the citations provided by Mike Barbieri) advertised in The Boston News-Letter of 1764 "Ran-away from his Master . . .  a Negro Man . . .  He had on . . .  a striped worsted Cap".

$55.00/each

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Add Blue, White and Red Hand Knit 22" English Stripe Cap to Cart

Add London Street Scene Hand Knit 19-26" English Cap to Cart

Stockings | Neckwear | Household | Hand Knit Caps

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